Show Me, Tell Me
In the practical test, you will be asked two 'show and tell' questions about safety and maintenance checks on your car. Getting one or both of them wrong will count as a driving fault in your test. You will not fail for getting one or both of these wrong, however these questions are asked at the start of your test and it's aways good to start the test off on the right foot by getting these correct.
'Show me' Questions
Q1: Show me/explain how you would check that the power-assisted steering is working before starting a journey.
A: If the steering becomes heavy the system may not be working properly. Before starting a journey two simple checks can be made. Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained while the engine is started, should result in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate.
Alternatively, turning the steering wheel just after moving off will give an immediate indication that the power assistance is functioning.
Q2: Show me how you would check the brake lights are working on this. If you need to switch on the ignition but don't start the engine.
A: Press the foot brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows or garage doors etc. You could also ask someone to check for you (the examiner).
Q3: Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working.
A: Applying the indicators or hazard warning switch and walking around the vehicle to check that all of the indicators are functioning correctly.
Q4: Show me how you would check that the horn is working (off-road only).
A: Check is carried out by pressing the horn (turn on ignition if necessary).
Q5: Show me how you would check the parking brake (handbrake) for excessive wear.
A: Demonstrate by applying parking brake that when it is fully applied it secures itself, and is not at the end of the working travel. (make sure you keep control of the car whilst demonstrating this by using the foot brake).
Q6: Show me howyou would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washers and wipers.
A: Operate the control to wash and wipe the windscreen. You may need to turn on the ignition, but you shouldn't start the engine.
Q7: Show me how you would set the demiser controls to clear the window effectively; this should include both the front and rear screens.
A: Adjust the relevant dashboard controls, including fan speed, temperature, air direction and heated screens. The engine does not have to be on for this demonstration.
Q8: Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you would use them (you do not need to exit the vehicle or start the engine.
A: Operate the switch (turn of the headlights and ignition in necessary). Check that the warning light is on. Explain that the use of these light is governed by law and is restricted to very poor visibility i.e. less than 100m.
'Tell me' Questions
Q1: Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine oil level and tell me how you would check that the engine has sufficient oil.
A: Identify dipstick/oil level indicator, describe check of oil level against the minimum/maximum markers.
Q2: Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine coolant level and tell me how you would check that the engine has the correct level.
A: Identify high/low level markings on header tank (where fitted) or radiator filler cap, and describe how to top up to correct level.
Q3: Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is, and tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid.
A: Identify reservoir, check level against high/low markings.
Q4: Identify where the windscreen washer reservoir is, and tell me how you would check the windscreen washer level.
A: Identify reservoir and explain how to check level. Check your car's manual to see how to do this.
Q5: Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressures for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.
A: Pressures should be listed in the manufacturer's guide, use a reliable pressure gauge, check and adjust pressures when tyres are cold, don't forget spare tyre, remember to refit valve caps.
Q6: Tell me how you would check the tyres to ensure that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.
A: The tyre tread depth can be measured using a gauge.tyres must have a minimum of 1.6mm of tread depth across the central ¾ of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.You should also check that the sides of the tyres have no cuts or bulges.
Q7: Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.
A: Brakes should not feel spongy or slack. Brakes should be tested as you set off. Vehicle should not pull to one side.
Q8: Tell me how you would check that the headlights and tail lights are working.
A; Turn on the headlights switch and the ignition if necessary then walk around the vehicle and check. (because this is a 'tell me' question, there is no need to physically check the lights).
Q9: Tell me how you would make sure the head restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.
A: Eye level/top of ears should be about halfway up the the restraint.
Q10: Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your anti-lock braking system (ABS)
A: A warning light on the dashboard should illuminate if there is a fault with the ABS system. You should get a mechanic to look at it as soon as possible.
I will go through all of the above questions with you in the car during your lessons.